"I have held up a light in the obscurity of Philosophy, which will be seen centuries after I am dead. It will be seen amidst the erection of Tombs, Theatres, Foundations, Temples, Orders and Fraternities for nobility and obedience — the establishment of good laws as an example to the World. For I am not raising a Capitol or Pyramid to the Pride of men, but laying a foundation in the human understanding for a holy Temple after he model of the World. For my memory I leave it to Men's charitable speeches, to foreign Nations and the next Ages, and to my own Country after some Time has elapsed." -- Francis Bacon, Advancement of Learning (1605), Bk II.

"I'm going to build my secrets into the geometry of these buildings because I know books can be burned but buildings not so easily." -Thomas Jefferson


Join me to explore the hidden tenets of arranged alignments of architecture and art. Structures as diverse as the Great Pyramid, Baalbek, The Tower of the Winds, Hagia Sopia, Basilica San Vitale, The Dome of the Rock, St. Peter's Square, Gisors, The Newport Tower, Thomas Jefferson's Poplar Forest, and the Georgia Guidestones all may have a common origin.

Three reproductions of the Tower of the Winds in England help to display how this age old value is viewed through time. Along the way many legends and myths associated with the Holy Grail and other relics are examined.

Treasure myths such as the Oak Island Legend and The Beale Treasure Legend may have a common origin and hidden meaning. The tale of The Bruton Parish Church Vault (a.k.a. "Bacon's Vault) may also be a copy of an already existent mystery at Stirling Castle.

The Secret Axis of Washington D.C. The John Ericsson Memorial.

The John Ericsson National Memorial

The City of Washington D.C. is comprised of an amazing landscape of monuments and memorials. Many authors have speculated as to the existence of hidden patterns in the streets of Washington District of Columbia. In this rush to interpret the broad overall scheme of the city and its possible meanings many of the less well known monuments in the city have been overlooked. Among these is the John Ericsson National Memorial just south of the Lincoln Memorial.

The John Ericsson National Memorial is dedicated to the man who invented the screw propeller and designed the famous Civil War ironclad Monitor. This memorial was dedicated on May, 29, 1926. The dedication ceremony was presided over by President Calvin Coolidge with Crown Prince Gustaf Adolf of Sweden in attendance.  The Ericsson Memorial is one of thirty in the United States given the designation ‘National Memorial.’

John Ericsson was a native of Sweden and worked throughout Europe before coming to the United States. Interestingly it appears that Ericsson also was of partial Scottish descent. This is not uncommon in Sweden as the history of both countries in intertwined even including a strong influx of Jacobite refugees after the 1715 and 1745 Jacobite uprisings in England and Scotland. Ericsson lived during the same era as President Lincoln whose memorial on the National Mall is about 1000 ft. due north of the Ericsson Memorial.

Ericsson’s Scottish connections are interesting in light of the hidden function of the monument that commemorates him. There is a strong tradition of Jacobite and gentry factions in the United States expressing themselves in architecture that includes directional attributes. His life story has him associated with some of the greatest inventors of the Industrial revolution. Among his inventions were a heat driven motor and another that ran off of the fumes from burning wood. Also notable is him possessing the same name as famous Viking explorer Leif Ericsson. The Vikings were also masters of the art of navigation at a very early date.

The U.S. Navy ship Monitor was a unique design for the day and was composed of heavy iron plating above the waterline making it appear as a modern tank on the water. Its turret carried two large caliber cannon. The entire design of the ship looked very modern and sleek compared to the sail and steam driven ships that were common at the time. The Monitor inspired the design of several similar vessels and was instrumental in subduing Confederate shipping and naval operations during the war.

Due to his genius in these achievements Ericsson was honored with the Construction of the National Memorial that bears his name.  A closer examination of the Ericsson Memorial may reveal some intriguing hidden aspects of the monument that have never been revealed before. The Ericsson monument is a directional device that points the way to places in Washington D.C. like: The White House, Teddy Roosevelt Memorial, Jefferson Memorial, House of the Temple, Naval Observatory, United States Institute of Peace, National Holocaust Museum (hexagon), and Washington Circle Park. The Ericsson Memorial also points the way to Rose Hill, Maryland south of the city. Rose Hill may have played a hidden role in the Lincoln assassination and the placement of the Ericsson Memorial may be a clue as to the truth of this idea.

The memorial itself includes a compass design along its circular outer plan that creates arcs on the globe that direct one on a map to the above locations.  Descriptions of the memorial do refer to this design as representing a compass. The compass design is oriented to true north enabling one to measure points in the City of Washington D.C. in relation to this symbolic axis or datum. This attribute serves as a kind of way of indicating places that will teach one something that includes an overall theme or lesson. To understand more about the Ericsson Memorial an examination of the artwork and statuary featured as elements of the monument may also lead to some understanding.

The form of the statue includes a seated Ericsson with three figures behind him that also circle a rendering of the Viking sacred tree known as the Yrrgdrasil tree. The figures are representative of the themes of Ericsson’s life including adventure, labor, and vision. This inclusion of the Yrggdrasil tree is repeated at places like the Apprentice Pillar of Rosslyn Chapel and in the imagery of Le Baton Rouge in Louisiana which may even have been meant to represent this sacred tree.

The figure representing adventure appears to depict a Viking figure. This is appropriate in that Ericsson was from Sweden and shares the same name as famous Viking explorer Leif Ericsson. There is no proof that John Ericsson was related to Leif though they share the same name. Ericsson is a very common name in Scandinavia that may only indicate a relation to a man named Eric. This Viking imagery is interesting given the possibilities of early Viking exploration of North America long before other Europeans came and claimed it. The figure of the Viking with the Yrggdrasil tree may give us some metaphor and imagery that goes beyond the heritage of Ericsson. The Vikings were early explorers and expert navigators so it is appropriate that this monument also represents a sighting device used to indicate places of talismanic importance within the city of Washington D.C.

The portion of the statue representative of labor incudes and muscular male figure that does not have any obvious connections to any historical or mythical figure.

The statue of the theme of vision is obviously representative of the goddess or female deity. Given the location of this memorial it may be assumed that this figure is representative of the Goddess Columbia or Goddess of Freedom.  This monument points due north directly to the nearby Lincoln Memorial and both monuments refer to the Civil War era of American history. As we may see this monument coupled with the Lincoln Memorial may be telling us hidden secrets of American history associated with President Lincoln.

Prior that that discussion lets examine the other places this monument ‘points to’ on the map of Washington D.C.

The most impressive or interesting targets of the Ericsson axis are the White House, Jefferson Memorial, National Holocaust Museum, and the House of the Temple. The White House, House of the Temple (Southern District of the Scottish Rite), and Jefferson Memorial all sit on what is known of as the White House Meridian sometimes referred to as the “Sacred Longitude.” This is notable in our studies of the Sacred Longitude.

The Ericsson Memorial is a compass that points to important places in the City.

The White House
The National Holocaust Memorial Museum
The Jefferson Memorial

The Ericsson Memorial points to three important places on the Sacred Longitude including
The White House, House of the Temple, and Jefferson Memorial. White House Meridian shown in pink or rose color. 


The Great Cross of Hendaye Mystery Solution. The Millennial Monuments of Alexander Von Humboldt and Thomas Jefferson.

Part I: The Axis of the Great Cyclical Cross of Hendaye, the land of Salvation, and Jacques Coeur’s Hexagon.

-Amiens Cathedral  -Luz Cathedral  -Leon Cathedral  -Santiago de Compostela  -Chartres  -St. Peter’s Square  -Fatima Portugal  -Torre de Hercules   -Poplar Forest 
-Portus  -Muxia  -Rennes le Chateau  -Chateau Villette

“Among all peoples of the earth, superstitious ideas take the same form at the beginning and at the decline of civilization, and it is because of this general phenomenon that it is difficult to distinguish between what has been transmitted from one people to another and what men have drawn from a strictly internal source.” – Alexander Von Humboldt

One of the greatest sub-rosa mysteries of Europe if not the world involves a fairly simple monument in the courtyard of the chapel in Hendaye France. The cross known as the Cyclic Cross of Hendaye was featured prominently in Fulcanelli’s book “Mystery of the Cathedrals.” In this book Fulcanelli analyzes the symbolic nature of certain pieces of sculpture at Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris, the Jacques Coeur Palace in Borges, Amiens Cathedral, and The Cyclic Cross of Hendaye. This Cross was said to have been created in the 1680 and subsequently moved to the courtyard of the church in 1847(Weidner, Bridges; The Mysteries of the Great Cross of Hendaye:  Alchemy and the end of time). As far as anyone knows The Great Cross was never very far from its current location. Traditionally, to determine the significance of the Cross we may see that one must be adept at solving mysteries and ciphers.
Fulcanelli’s analysis of these structures includes sculpture and artwork within them that seems to have been created by a person with an alchemical mindset. The author himself was a student of the ancient art of alchemy and speaks with great authority and experience albeit in a somewhat cryptic manner. Fulcanelli claims that these arrays of sculpture and art within the cathedrals were meant to tell us of the cyclical changes that the earth is subject to and may also predict the timeframe to which these disasters adhere. This concept is very similar to the great 2012 Mayan Calendar prophecy that seemed to take hold of the imagination and psyche of people of many different faiths and belief systems.  Comets, asteroids, and the Sun were viewed as the possible agent of destruction. Many were convinced that some grand disaster would strike the earth because the Mayan Calendar was coming to its end point. According to Fulcanelli The Great Cross of Hendaye seems to indicate a trial by fire which many interpret as being some sort of solar disaster or event. The Great Cross of Hendaye has gleaned the most attention of any buildings or features discussed in the book possibly because its connections and similarities to the 2012 mythology. If all of the places discussed in the book are analyzed then some startling associations that actually link concepts and places together may be observed. We may see how the art of navigation is infused with many alchemical concepts used by ‘pilots’ during the eras discussed.

The Great Cross of Hendaye may have been reintroduced into our psyche just in time for 2012. Is it possible that the Great Cross was designed to tell of one type of salvation while we are being frightened by another type of disaster and subsequent salvation? This may fit the pattern of how these systems are used in different ways by people of different eras. The old story may no longer apply so why let a good set up of talismanic architecture go to waste? We will see how the Great Cyclical Cross of Hendaye is more related to the Aztec Sunstone than the Mayan calendar which predicts the end date in 2012. Though similar in theme and content the stones that define the Mayan and Aztec calendars had an impact on western culture that may depend more on their date of discovery than what they have to tell us. To help us understand the symbology of the Great Cross it must be interpreted in order to discern if there is a directional message hidden in the artwork included on the cross.
Our first clue may be the two letters ‘X’ emblazoned vertically at the top of the cross. Their meaning may become more obvious later. We well examine how the cross will lead us to the next place of importance or the land of salvation promised in the message that Fulcanelli says is part of the mystique of the cross. The ‘dos equis’ will been seen in a context that may re-enforce their alchemical translation in a more understandable manner.

Fulcanelli from Mysteries of the Cathedrals:

“Whatever its age, the Hendaye cross shows by the decoration of its pedestal that it is the rarest symbolical translation of chiliasm which I have ever met. It is known that this doctrine, first accepted and then refuted by Origen, St. Denis of Alexandria and St. Jerome although it had not been condemned by the Church, was part of the esoteric tradition of the ancient hermetic philosophy. (Chiliasm or millenarism refer to a doctrine of belief in the millennium).”

This also refers to a belief in or knowledge of the procession of zodiac. This is indicated in the wobble of the earth and which sign of the zodiac in the heavens is pointed to by the axial pole of the earth at any given point in the wobble. At many periods of natural history a pole star is located in the sky reflecting the axial pole’s position. The North Star. During ancient times the pole star had the constellation Draconis seemingly rotating around it leading to a possible value of the serpent through history. The association of Draconis and the pole star also lent to more accurate forms of measuring its movement. Another term for polar north is true north and this is how most maps are oriented.  Fulcanelli is leaving it to the reader here to assume he is speaking in astrological terms with respect to beliefs surrounding that form of divination and not in terms of practical orientation or navigation. This may be true though he surely valued both astronomy and astrology; two disciplines which span the void between alchemy and practical science. In practical terms he is pointing out how the procession of the Zodiac is a time keeping device with twelve even divisions.  He is also secretly telling us how to figure out directions to navigate to from the directions given by the Great Cross and its mysterious artwork.

The Main inscription on the Cross as written:


This is interpreted as meaning “ Hail O Cross, The only hope” in Latin.

Fulcanelli points out that this inscription contains an intentional ‘alchemical’ mis-spelling that is meant to clue us into the real message that was intended by its author. Using his methods Fulcanelli states that the message actually means:

“It is written that life takes refuge in a single space.”

We may see how the top line may actually mean:  "Oh Way of the Cross." While the bottom line matches author Jay Weidner's assumptions: "Peru Inca."

Fulcanelli continues:

“….and we learn that a country exists, where death cannot reach man at the terrible time of the double cataclysm. As for the geographical location of this promised land, from which the elite will take part in the return of the golden age, it is up to us to find it. For the elite, the children of Elias, will be saved according to the word of Scripture, because their profound faith, their untiring perseverance in effort, will have earned for them the right to be promoted to the rank of disciples of the Christ-Light. They will bear his sign and will receive from him the mission of renewing for regenerated humanity the chain of tradition of the humanity which has disappeared.”

Many people have speculated that the areas of safe haven or salvation are located in Peru and the Himalayan Mountains due to their high altitude. Given the methods used in this volume to determine important locations this theory would hold true. The cross of Hendaye points the way to the Andes of South America, The Sierras of Mexico, and the Himalayas. The azimuth extending to Peru transects just 20 miles north of Machu Pichu. Their height above sea level may save them from a sea borne disaster but what of the trial by fire that Fulcanelli speculates? Given new discoveries documented here for the first time we may be able to discern some alternate or additional themes the Great Cross was meant to convey.

Notably The Great Cross of Hendaye chapter is missing from many early issues of “Mystery of the Cathedrals.” The Great Cross portion of Fulcanelli’s book did not appear in the volume until its 1957 publishing. Someone saw fit to include this previously missing material at that point. Is it possible that this book or at least the Great Cross chapter was written by someone other than Fulcanelli? It is just as possible that this portion of the book was written by him and left out until it was deemed important or timely to include it. The Cross of Hendaye despite any skulldugerous intent in exposing its existence does according to Fulcanelli contain a message very similar to that being touted by many 2012 or Mayan Calendar researchers. The Great Cross of Hendaye does not establish an exact date other than noting the changing of the eras with regard to the pole star.

Some of the major Cathedrals of Europe seem to point the way to the Great Cross of Hendaye using their cruciform shape and their orientation with regard to true north. Luz, Leon, Girona, Santiago de Compostela, The Plaza adjacent to the Torre de Hercules and Amiens all create arcs or azimuths on the globe that extend to within three miles of the Great Cross. Luz, Leon and Amiens seem to point directly to it. Amiens Cathedral is one of the cathedrals discussed at length in “Mystery of the Cathedrals.” The plaza at the Torre de Hercules transects the Great Cross on its way to St. Peter’s Square and the array there. Santiago de Compostela Cathedral points to the Great Cross then this azimuth continues to point to Saintes Maries de La Mer just as Valencia Cathedral does. Girona points an azimuth to Hendaye and another to the International Peace Garden.

Especially interesting is Shugborough Hall which has follies pointing to the International Peace Garden (Shepherds Monument); Santiago de Compostela (Doric Temple), The Torre de Hercules (Chinese Pagoda) and Girona Cathedral (Triumphal Arch). We have discussed how the Tower of the Winds there sights Avebury, Stonehenge, The Lia Fail, Ponferrada Fortress, and Lincoln Cathedral.  Here the Anson’s seemed to be telling us of many of the more important sites in this story.

Is a pattern emerging here? All of these places do have significant attributes to their creation and history that may link them all to the Great Cross of Hendaye and the Way of St. James or Camino de Santiago. These places all keep pointing to each other and to not other features. In addition many of the features discussed in North America are related via these spatial and thematic relationships.

Given navigation technology of the era in which this scheme was created it may be assumed that the Great Cross was the intentional target of these buildings when they were constructed. Even though the Cross is not this old there may have been another monument or structure marking this junction of lines from important places. This indeed may be one of the reasons the cross was placed there to begin with. Either this scheme was created or someone noticed an unusual intersection of ley lines and decided to assign importance to it via the mythology or truths of the Great Cross of Hendaye. Either one of these ideas may be true. It may be just a coincidence all these lines crossed here. The alternative involved a huge amount of effort and expense just to expose the secret of Hendaye via an alchemical mystery. They had picked a point on the earth of great talismanic importance to relate the message of the cross. It is possible that this point on earth was meant to convey a similar message to Europeans that may have been exposed by aboriginal peoples that were part of conquered lands. It seems the Great Cross of Hendaye was not created until some time after pertinent information had been gleaned from Native American sources. Hendaye is also a stopping point along the Way of St. James (Jacobus) pilgrimage route.

The general consensus among authors and researchers who speak of the Great Cross of Hendaye consists of speculation that the Cross is supposed to point the way to areas of refuge in the event of the coming catastrophe indicated by analyses of its alchemical symbols. In fact the message on the cross seems to indicate the correct directions to look for Salvation. The symbols on the base of the cross seem to be somewhat interpretive of the important orientation to follow would be based on true north or the polar axis of the earth. Both the illustrations of the sun (west face of monument) and moon (north face of monument) are indicative of an understanding of the cycles or time involved for each to complete their patterns in the sky. The procession of the zodiac as used to measure each New Age or era is also marked by observing stars. Both the moon, stars, and sun can be used to determine ones position on the globe. Understanding these concepts would require one to be aware of the axial tilt of the earth, its dimensions, and ultimately how to navigate across the spherical morphology of the planet’s surface. These skills in turn would allow them to produce very accurate maps to legally describe what they own and where they are going. They would have been aware of the concept of using a pole star to sight the earth’s rotational axis to fix true north. These skills may have been somewhat hidden or cloistered.


“The front of the cross, the part which received the three terrible nails fixing the agonized body of the Redeemer to the accursed wood, is indicated by the inscription INRI, carved on its transverse arm. It corresponds to the schematic image of the cycle, shown on the base. Thus we have two symbolic Crosses. Above is the divine cross, exemplifying the chosen means of expiation: below is the global cross fixing the pole of the northern hemisphere and locating in time the fatal period of this expiation.” (This is the east facing portion of the monument-a reference to Christ rising at Easter?).

The oval shape divided into four segments by ‘crosshairs’ or crossed lines on one side of the base of the cross may display a value of dividing the earth or navigating on the earth. This form is not dis-similar to the ancient ‘T and O’ map that may be part of the Carthusian Order’s crest or symbol. Each segment of the oval contains a curious letter ‘A’ in which the cross bar portion of the letter is represented by a ‘v’ shape. This letter ‘A’ vaguely resembles the Masonic Compass and Square Symbol representative of a navigational tool. This ‘A’ symbol will reappear later in the saga of the place of salvation indicated in this analysis of the cross. Given Fulcanelli’s above statement it seems obvious that he is urging us to consider the concept of True North when divining any pertinent directions from the Great Cross of Hendaye. The design with the odd ‘A’s’ is on the south facing portion of the monument.

These symbols in conjunction with this shape may indicate a value of true north as an important direction. True north is also the basis from which all other map directions are inferred. If one is using a compass to measure then the difference between true north and magnetic north must be noted and compensated for in any directions inferred on many modern and historical maps. Distinguishing the angles of the pole star and magnetic north is important to accurately map and navigate on the globe. There are also ways to accomplish this without a compass at all.

In addition to being representative of a valued star in the sky the eight pointed star on the east facing base of the monument could indicate a clue as to the application of an octagonal template used in association with the monument. This may be why so many classic forms associated with this discipline are hexagonal or octagonal. These shapes also serve to square a circle. Using the temple or in this case the Great Cross this concept may be applied by measuring arcs on the globe at 45 degree increments with regard to true north from its location. In the ancient tradition of the Etruscans and Greeks there may be up to sixteen important or valued directions. In short the Great Cross of Hendaye may operate in a fashion similar to the Tower of the Winds in Athens using true north as a base line and not the orientation of the Chapel to which it is adjacent. This may be part of the mystery one is meant to solve to communicate what the Cross is saying to us.

To a cartographer or navigator the Great Cross of Hendaye is inspiring one to plot significant directions on the globe using an octagonal directional scheme that is oriented to True North. It is also telling one that you can use the sun, moon, and stars; specifically the pole star to do it. Here we are being told to use the Great Cross of Hendaye as an axis or datum from which to measure using true north as a baseline. This is very similar to the later so called ‘Star Chart’ monument located at Hoover Dam in Nevada originally dedicated by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. The Star Chart displays the Great Pyramid’s position and orientation in relation to the Pole Star of Thuban. If true this would be keeping in a tradition dating back to at least the Great Pyramid and the Tower of the Winds in Athens. Our place of refuge may be located along one or more of the sixteen significant azimuths that may extend from the Great Cross of Hendaye. This may mean that at some point an astronomical almanac was collected from a point very near where the Great Cross is located today. There is information that says a star almanac was collected at Hendaye by those who created the monument. Access to these calculations would have been important for anyone trying to use that point as an axis or datum. 
Thomas Jefferson to Isaac Briggs:
“. . . but that the idea [determining the longitude by the observation of the moon] was not new, that even De la Caille had proposed it and De la Lande had given all explanations necessary for it, I think he [Humboldt] said in his 3rd vol. I have not the book here but presume you can consult it in Philadelphia . . .”
This quote from a letter to Isaac Briggs tells Briggs of Alexander Von Humboldt’s belief that longitude can be fixed by observing the moon. This may be part of the instructions contained in the symbols on the Great Cross. Part of the message of the Great Cyclical Cross of Hendaye may be to aid one in orienting themselves in the event of a great cataclysm. Many ancient and modern monuments have included this concept as part of their design elements. Places like the Great Pyramid, Baalbek, The Temple Mount, The Star Chart at Hoover Dam, The Georgia Guidestones, and Coral Castle all include elements of their construction designed to calculate ones time with regard to the changing eras, the sun, and moon, and to fix ones position on the globe. Is it possible that this is the true purpose of the Great Cross and many of these other similar monuments? Like the Georgia Guidestones the Great Cross of Hendaye is there to teach us how to be astronomers and timekeepers if the worst should occur and our civilization collapses. This concept may be integral in understanding the reasons for all of these talismanic places of importance.

To test this theory with regard to the Great Cross a stellation of arcs on the Globe was plotted at 22.5 degree increments from its location in order to see where the ‘safe area’ on the globe may be in the event of a solar disaster as indicated by the cross. In addition arcs were plotted at the angles of orientation of the Luz Cathedral, Lemans, Amiens, Notre Dame, and Palace of Jacques Coeur to see if there were any geographic interplay between these important sites mentioned in Fulcanelli’s book. Lemans Cathedral points the way to the Cathedral in Santiago de Compostella where the sepulcher of St. James is located. Luz Cathedral also points directly to the Great Cross of Hendaye. The Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela points to the Great Cross then sights Saintes Maries de La Mer on the same azimuth, Leon Cathedral points to the Great Cross, and Girona’s Cathedral points the way to the Great Cross. All of the places mentioned in the book fit into the scheme of what we have discovered previously except Notre Dame which may fit in some other unknown way. Notre Dame seems to serve as a baseline measurement for part of the street plan for Paris and an ‘axis’ plaque is present in the pavement there denoting it as the datum for that city. (All of the locations pointed to by Hendaye are noted at the end of the chapter)

In particular Amiens Cathedral had an even spatial relation to the Great Cross of Hendaye. An arc plotted at the angle of the crossing element or transept of the Cathedral creates an azimuth on the globe that extends to the Cross of Hendaye. Both of these places are prominently featured in “Mystery of the Cathedrals.”  If this line is extended it transects the central Iberian Peninsula from northeast to southwest closely matching one of the arcs generated by using the Great Cross as an octagonal axis. Both Amiens and the Cross of Hendaye point to the same place. 

 An octagonal axis based on True North or Polar North and the position of the The Cyclical Cross of 
The 22.5 and 202.5 degree increments as measured using the location of the Cross as a datum or 
place from which to measure. 
The 202.5 south/southwest heading leads to Ronda Spain and the former location of a cross very
similar to that at Hendaye. The cross now resides at Palacio Salvatierra in Ronda.

Both of these arcs on the globe extend to the small Spanish city of Ronda. This arc leads to the former location of a cross very similar to that in Hendaye. This cross has since been moved to Palacio Salvatierra also very close by to the vicinity of the older part of Ronda known as the Citadel. More specifically directly to the environs of Palacio de Salvatierra said location of another cross very similar to the Great Cross of Hendaye known as the Ronda Cross. The cross in Ronda is very similar to the structure of the Great Cross of Hendaye but has a Latin cross atop it as opposed to the Greek Cross featured as an element of The Great Cross. No mysterious artwork or symbols are present on the Ronda Cross. Crosses set on a pedestal like the Ronda Cross and the Great Cross of Hendaye are not a rare sight in Europe. Palacio Monctezuma and Palacio Mondragon are very near Palacio Salvatierra and these associations may be what we are supposed to find in Ronda.The history and legacy of these places may match the themes present in Hendaye.

Salvatierra may be interpreted as ‘Land of Salvation’ or ‘Savior of the Land.’ The Marquius de Salvatierra created Palacio de Salvatierra and its associated array of architecture and statuary sometime in what may be inferred the mid to late eighteenth century (1798). The Ronda Cross sits in the front courtyard of the Palacio de Salvatierra in alignment with the front portico of the structure and marks the spot where Don Vasco Martin de Salvatierra (the first Marquis) camped after the Reconquista of Ronda in 1485. Directly behind the cross on the opposite or southern wall of the Calle de Salvatierra (Street of the Land of Salvation) is an interesting plaque marking one of the stations of the Cross pageant in Ronda. Palacio de Salvatierra and the Ronda Cross are one of the stops on this pageant that reenacts Christ’s journey to Golgotha and his Crucifixion. Members of the Salvatierra family were original Conquistadors of Cortes during his invasion of the Aztecs.

This placard has many interpretive symbols included in its design. The basis of the plaque is a Greek styled cross as at Hendaye overlain by a large circle. This is what many interpret as the alchemical symbol for ‘terra’ or land. The circular portion of the design has the Roman numeral ‘V’ or five marking which station of the Cross this spot is representative of.  "V" may also be interpreted as a female symbol. This spot is linked to the Stations of the Cross festival in Ronda that includes a procession which moves through the city to each place where a plaque like this is present. In this case it symbolically marks the point at which Simon assisted Christ in carrying the cross or the fifth station. The center part of the roundel is emblazoned with the Latin words “Via Crvcis” or The Way of the Cross. Each quadrant defined by the equilateral or Greek Cross contains a small symbol. Three of the segments have what appears to be a small conical vessel of some type that may be interpreted as a crucible for assaying minerals. The processing and assaying of valuable ores and metals was an early pursuit and function of the medieval art of alchemy. In fact the actual assaying of minerals may involve ‘turning base metals into gold’ as the philosophers stone dictates. The upper right quadrant includes a hammer another symbol which may be interpreted as an additional alchemical or mining tool.

The inclusion of a cross similar to that of The Great Cross of Hendaye alone is not enough to suppose a connection via the axis we suppose here. The fact that there is a ‘Way of the Cross’ placard lends a modicum of weight to our argument so far. The Stations of the Cross procession is acted out in many places in the Catholic world. To this point we have a preponderance of cross related imagery which may not be awfully rare in any part of Europe.The image of the 'Way of the Cross' may also match the hidden message of the Great Cross of Hendaye.

Ronda was one of the last places to be liberated from Moorish influence. The cross in Ronda was moved to its current location after the demolition of the nearby Convent of Our Lady of Mercy (Mercadarios) St. George (St. Jorge). The Cross of Ronda was moved to its current location just as the Cross of Hendaye was. Is it possible that this cross was moved to Palacio Salvatierra after someone realized its association with Hendaye and its prophecies? Salvatierra’s descendants improved and rebuilt the building several times which was originally a Moorish structure. The name Salvatierra and the fact that a similar cross is part of the array of architecture is curious but is it enough to consider a planned association between the two places? There are some scant hints so far that this place is associated with the Great Cross and is pointed to for a reason.

A construction date in this range of the eighteenth century (1798) for Palacio Salvatierra may match the era of the construction of follies at Shugborough Hall and other significant points such as the installation of the Great Cross of Hendaye itself. This building shows many aspects of baroque style especially in the form of its front façade and entrance. It is composed of columns of the Corinthian order supporting a balcony and pediment above. The balcony is edged with a fine wrought iron railing with intricate designs. The triangular pediment above the balcony features four Native American figures in the form of columns supporting which are referred to as ‘Incans’ in some descriptions of the portal. Just above the native figures and below the pediment is an inscribed stone message. Most descriptions agree they represent Native Americans if not Incans. It is just as possible that these figures represent Mayans or possibly Aztecs which are linked to the theme of the Cross of Hendaye via a prediction or prophecy similar to the many theories of global disaster in 2012. The Salvatierra's involvement in Mexico and Peru would indicate the figures were representative of a native group from there. 

 "Incan" figures from the porch of Palacio Salvatierra. Directly opposite the porch is the Ronda Cross. 

                           The Ronda Cross. 
There is what appear to be one male and one female figure flanking each side of the balcony. Is it possible that the ‘dos equis’ present on the Great Cross of Hendaye represent two male and two female figures (XX)? In the center of the pediment is the crest of Salvatierra which includes the crest of the Knights of Calatrava in its design. Indeed the intricate wrought iron of the balcony railing resembles both the seal of the Knights of Santiago and Knights of Calatrava. The center of the front facing portion of the railing features an oval with the Byzantine double-headed eagle displayed. This is a standard Masonic symbol known the world over.

The Native American columns are of particular interest. First of all why are they included here? Was this some form of respect for a vanquished enemy or some other form of respect or veneration? Architectural descriptions of the building refer to these columns as ‘atlantes’ having a taunting appearance with the males sticking their tongues out and the females covering their genitals with their hands. Atlantes refers to Atlas or the pillars of the earth and indicates any column representative of the human form. An interesting descriptive term given the many theories that the surrounding region may actually represent the mythical land of Atlantis. If so is the Cross of Hendaye pointing us in the direction of the true mythical land of Atlantis? Will Atlantis rise as it fell in conjunction with some type of cataclysm that subsides some other region of the earth? Is this the message of the Great Cross of Hendaye or is it something more complex?

In light of the true identity or cultural affiliation of the Native American figures it is of importance to note that only a few doors away from the Palacio de Salvatierra is the Palacio de Monctezuma!  Palacio Monctezuma was built by don Pedro Manuel de Moctezuma and his wife Doña María de Rojas. This is the Palacio or Estate of the heirs of the last Aztec Emperor, Monctezuma II. Some of the descendants of Monctezuma were brought to Spain with their families becoming minor nobility and even Knights of Santiago. Carolos V granted the family their marque and crest in 1539 which is composed of Eagle, Ocelot, Snake and the thirty crowns of the Mexican state.

Above the doorway or main entrance to Palacio de Monctezuma is a double XX design very similar to that featured on the Great Cross of Hendaye. The double XX located on the lintel above the doorway has an additional similarity to the Great Cross of Hendaye motif. In this case the XX design distantly resembles the curious letters ‘A’ located on the south facing base of it. At Palacio Monctezuma the diamond shaped area separating the two letters  XX is spanned from left to right with the same female ‘v’ shape present in the letters “A” on the Great Cross. This motif is repeated on the elaborate wood paneling of the roof and beams of the great hall of the Palacio though minus the interesting ‘v’ shaped addition present over the doorway. This portion of the XX with the crossbar included resembles the Masonic Compass and Square symbol just as the letter ‘A’ did on the Hendaye inscription. Interestingly ‘dos equis’ is brand of beer in Mexico. The ‘dos equis’ on the label of that product features a likeness of Monctezuma in the diamond shaped lozenge created by the dos equis (XX). Note also that diamond shaped lozenges such as this can be used to demonstrate latitude with regard to their shape and dimensions. 

 The entrance to Palacio Monctezuma in Ronda.

The XX design does have another important meaning in the realm of Spanish nobility.

From the Veracruz “Fishermans Treasure”:

“How did these objects end up in their rocky sand resting place? One ornament was stamped with a Spanish C for “Carlos”, the reigning monarch of Spain and the Holy Roman Empire at the time, and both gold ingots had XX stamped into their surfaces. This suggests they were part of the “Royal Fifth”, the 20% of all precious metals set aside for the Spanish Crown, and that they were part of a shipment headed to Spain on a ship that sank very close by during the years or immediately after the Aztec defeat in AD 1521.”

It seems this symbol is representative of the 20% of all precious metals that were recovered in the New World being the property of the King. This symbol in conjunction with its use at Palacio Monctezuma is indicative of a certain value of the family in lieu of Spanish Nobility.  In a way it infers that someone felt that the Monctezuma’s may have been part of their share of the treasure. This attitude or point of view may be interpreted in either a positive or negative manner. Likely this symbology was not used as a sign of ownership but a symbol of something that is valued. It may be possible that these associations are what led the ‘XX’ symbol to be included in the mystery of the Great Cyclical Cross of Hendaye. Ultimately this mystery may be leading us to contemplate the meaning and truth of a hidden history and the information included somewhere in the Aztec culture possibly on the Aztec Sunstone. Given the alchemical and symbolic nature of this mystery it is likely that all of these symbols could have still other alternate meanings. It is possible that the XX symbol on the Great Cross is there to tell us who may have arranged all of this.

Secret messages via designs in wood paneling is said to have been featured at Sir Francis Bacon’s home in London and at The Rose Hill, Maryland estate of George Washington’s physician Gustavus Brown. Aztec symbolism and an appreciation for the more mystical elements of that culture may have had an impact on the reasons why the Great Cross of Hendaye mystery was created and valued. One may also consider these concepts and how they may mix with the culture that now dominated and ruled them. The fact that a coded message on the cross may lead one to another place of significance that uses the same symbol may help to validate this theory. Now it is beginning to look as if these two places have a thematic as well as suggested geographical relationship.

There is one more striking similarity between the Great Cross of Hendaye and the Palacio de Salvatierra. Again on the front portico just above the native figures but below the triangular pediment is a large rectangular inscribed stone. Each letter ‘A’ in the inscription matches the same style of letter ‘A’ carved on the Great Cross of Hendaye. The crossbar of the ‘A’ is a downward pointing female symbol (v) and also resembles the Masonic Compass and Square design. This stylized letter ‘A’ is repeated twenty times in the inscription which seems to be a dedication of the building by the Marquis de Salvatierra in 1798. Interestingly the date of the dedication or inscription is proceeded by XXX-A Node MDCCXCVIII. The word node which means a point at which a heavenly body meets the ecliptic. This is a phrase used in navigation and astronomy that may indicate the significance of sighting a given star; possibly the north star or pole star. This matches the motif of the cross-piece present in the XX symbol over the portal to Palacio Monctezuma and the letters ‘A’ on the Great Cross. Honestly with a symbol like that you would think someone was aware of geometry and cartography! This symbol is representative of a tool that would be used to help plot ones position on the earth using the stars and sun or to navigate with a chart and compass.

Translantion of the inscription from Palacio de Salvatierra:

“and he paid for this work by the gentlemen Don Bar Félix Salvat e Ybarra and his wife Doña Antonia Salvat and (aia) the Marchioness of Salvat
Directed Pelmas”

 ... 'is costing this work by the Lords of Bar and Felis Salbat Bliyasi ...
Wife Antonia Salvat and d to the Marquises of Salvat and
Directed by the Located nearby Masian Beach Gómez Nb-XXX- Node MDCCXCVIII'...

The inclusion of the Monctezumas in Spanish aristocracy and chivalric orders is out of the norm for the way native peoples were usually treated by European conquerors. Why in this case would there be an exception? For answers we must look back to the time of Cortes and examine his relationship to this story. We do know that Cortes married a descendant of Monctezuma. In true cargo cult fashion the Aztecs may have believed or been convinced that Cortes was their most supreme god.

The Aztecs believed in a supreme deity named Quetzalcoatl that was supposed to return to Mexico according to legend. In the post contact era of Mexico some early historians insist that Monctezuma II believed that Cortes was indeed the returning god Quetzalcoatl. Others believe this story was entirely concocted by Cortez himself. Evidence supporting the notion that Monctezuma actually believed this is the fact that Cortes actually married one of his grand daughters. Even so many scholars have debunked this theory and point to Cortes simply going along with and exploiting what Monctezuma believed. In closer examination we may see that there is interesting architectural and geographic evidence that would support the notion of some earlier European figure coming to Mexico and influencing the mythology of Quetzalcoatl to the degree that Monctezuma would believe Cortes was the same.

"The legend of the returning lords, originated during the Spanish-Mexica war in Cortés' reworking of Moctezuma's welcome speech, had by the 1550's merged with the Cortés-as-Quetzalcoatl legend that the Franciscans had started spreading in the 1530's." (Restall 2001:114 )

Surprisingly this entire notion was reinforced by historians of the Franciscan Order who actually held millenarian beliefs similar to those described by Fulcanelli. These monks believed that the similarities they saw between their faith and that of Meso-America indicated that the Americas had been evangelized before. In addition they went as far as to believe that St. Thomas was what the natives interpreted as Quetzalcoatl and had visited here due to legends of his wide travel. The same similarities that the monks noticed also extended to other spheres of culture such as architecture and astronomy. If there was a belief that the Aztecs were associated with St. Thomas these factors must have contributed to the status of the Monctezuma family in Spain and possibly their roles in later history as well. If Palacio Monctezuma and Palacio Salvatierra are linked the the Great Cross of Hendaye there may be more evidence to support this notion in Mexico.

First to more fully understand earlier events in Mexico lets finish our study of the pertinent places in “Mystery of the Cathedrals.” 

The Palace of Jacques Coeur in Borges, France.

Why would what is obviously a group or order of individuals create such a mystery in the first place? They were likely depending on the technical aspects of what they were trying to accomplish being unintelligible to anyone who did not possess the obvious skills needed to even figure this entire geographic scheme. It would be reasonable to assume that they would have also kept this information as secret as possible. Entry into this level of initiation would require a great intellect and training in astronomy and navigation. It is no wonder that given this skill set that the orders of Knights who possessed them were the very same ones to ‘discover’ much of the rest of the world for the west. Among their more modern cohorts were amazing men like Thomas Jefferson, John Bidwell, Peter Lassen, and Alexander Von Humboldt.

The thirteenth century Palace of Jacques Coeur in Borges, France is one of the additional structures discussed by Fulcanelli in his book. Coeur was an interesting man who was a silversmith as well as a merchant who dealt in the Levant or Holy Land during the early to mid thirteenth century. His dealings in the Holy Land at this level may indicate some secret society affiliations for Monsieur Coeur and may have also exposed him to alchemical texts and information that were relatively rare during this era. Coeur Palace is analyzed in a similar fashion to all of the other locations discussed in the book. In this chapter Fulcanelli discusses Coeur’s value of the Way of St. James or Camino de Santiago in alchemical terms. Even his name ‘Jacques’ is suggestive of a value of Jacobus or St. James.


“Among our silversmith’s favorite hieroglyphs, the heart and the scallop shell hold pride of place. These two images are always coupled together or placed symmetrically.  This may be seen on the central motifs of the quadrilobate circles on the windows, on the balustrades, on the panels and on the door knocker, etc.  No doubt this duality of the shell and the heart contains a pun on the name of the owner of his shorthand signature. However, shells of the comb genus (Pecten Jocbaues to the naturalists) have always been used as the badge of St. James’ pilgrims. They were worn either on the hat (as we see in a statue of St. James at Westminster Abbey) or round the neck, or else fastened on the chest, always in a very obvious manner.  The shell of Compostela, about which I shall have a good deal to say, is used in secret symbolism to stand for the principle of Mercury which is still called the Traveler or the Pilgrim.  It is worn mystically by all those who undertake the work and seek to obtain the star. (compos stella). It is, therefore, not surprising that Jacques Coeur should have had a reproduction of this icon peregini (Pilgrims icon), so popular with medieval puffers, placed at the entrance to his mansion.”

Fulcanelli next discusses alchemist Nicolas Flamel’s thoughts on the pilgrimage:

“Does Nicholas Flamel not describe in the same way, in his Figures Hieroglyphiques, the symbolic journey which he undertook in order, as he says, to ask ‘Monsieur James of Galicia’ for help, light, and protection. This is where all alchemists must begin. With the pilgrim’s as a guide and the scallop shell as a sign, they must take this long and dangerous journey, half of which is on land and half on water. Pilgrims first, then pilots.”

This reference to ‘pilgrims and pilots’ is interesting in the context of the geographic associations present at each place discussed by Fulcanelli. Any ‘pilot’ would be considered a navigator as well. During Flamels era these terms were likely interchangeable. The skills of the navigator would lend themselves to both arranging and interpreting these terrestrial arrays of architecture and art. The necessity of one taking part in the pilgrimage as part of any alchemical ‘training’ is also intriguing in light of the many associations with the Camino and Santiago de Compostela. Part of the story of the Camino is that one can follow the Milky Way or Compostela to the Sepulcher of St. James. It is entirely possible that much of the architecture arrayed along the Way of St. James would also display concepts similar to those discussed by Fulcanelli. The Camino may provide a sort of mystery or vision quest for those that take part and are aware of these concepts that transcends the average experience of the pilgrimage. So far all of the places discussed have directions suggested that point the way to additional places that are directly related by theme or philosophy of the person that had created each axis.

The Palace of Jacques Coeur is no exception. From plan view the palace includes a prominent hexagonal tower as part of its front façade. If this tower’s hexagonal shape is used to point azimuths on the globe some amazing places are sighted that are directly involved in the philosophies and values of Coeur and others involved.

The southwest pointing facet of this hexagon creates an azimuth on the globe that leads directly to Santiago de Compostela, its Cathedral, and the Sepulcher of St. James. Here we have Coeur practicing the same value of the directional attributes of architecture to define a templum of places that were significant to him. In the process he employed the tradition of the Magdala or sacred tower to execute his plan. The scallop shell of St. James is part of the coat of arms of Coeur. His home is festooned with images of the scallop shell. In addition let us not forget that the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela valued by Coeur forms an arc on the globe based on its orientation with regard to true north that extends to the Great Cross of Hendaye and Saintes Maries de La Mer in one azimuth. Its all related. Coeur’s Palace points an azimuth just four miles east of Saintes Maries de La Mer. All of the places mentioned in Mystery of the Cathedrals seem to have directional elements hidden in their construction and orientation. Lemans Cathedral briefly discussed in the book also points the way to Santiago de Compostela as does the Doric Temple at Shugborough Hall. These men are telling us to look in Santiago de Compostela and see what we may learn!

An additional azimuth suggested by this hexagon points the way in turn to: Pamplona Spain, a stop on the pilgrims way and home to the running of the bulls, Madrid, Seville, and the Location of the Torre de Chiplona or Chiplona Lighthouse. Originally Chiplona was a Roman Lighthouse very similar to the Torre de Hercules in A Coruña. Along the way this azimuth passes directly over the cathedral in Seville. This region of Spain is thought to have been the original ‘Atlantis’ by many alternative researchers. It is possible that Torre de Chiplona and Torre de Hercules comprise the ‘Pillars of Hercules’ discussed in Plato’s story of Atlantis.

The southerly azimuth or arc extending from Coeur Palace sights the Fortress of Montsegur in southern France. Montsegur is the location of the final purge of the Cathars during the Albigensian Crusade. During the siege of Montsegur it is said that a few men actually escaped the blockade with a mysterious object that some speculate is the Holy Grail. Others such as researcher Louis Buff Parry believe that this object may have been one of the holy stones or teraphim from the old Temple in Jerusalem. It is said that many Knights Templar had an affinity for the Cathars and this crusade did much to cause them to doubt the church. Here again is a place included that is historically and thematically related to the entire mystery. Given the heritage and beliefs of the Cathars and later the Jacobites and Jacobins we may see how the Way of St. James (Jacobus) would have been valued by these groups. Monsieur Coeur’s values may indicate that he was a Knights Templar during a period during which they did not officially exist.

Finally the northwesterly azimuth suggested by Coeur’s hexagon leads to less than a mile to the east of Shugborough Hall in England. Via the Shepherds Monument and its lore Shugborough is intimately connected to the very same imagery and values as Coeur over three hundred years later. This arc to Shugborough may be close enough to consider an intended association. This activity by Coeur is interesting in that it takes place long before the more modern versions of this activity and is contemporary with similar values possibly displayed by St. Hugh of Avallon at Lincoln Cathedral significantly prior to the era in which the Anson’s built their follies at Shugborough. Coeur lived about one hundred years after the ‘Templar Purge’ of 1307 so he may serve as an example of an individual who held these values during a time when secrecy in these matters was paramount. Is it possible that Admiral and Thomas Anson were later aware of what Coeur or others like him had accomplished? Was their estate a place that had been valued before they gained control of it? All of the places discussed in “Mystery of the Cathedrals” except Lallement Mansion (a townhouse) seem to have been built or modified to attain spatial relationships with places important to those who created them. Later like minded individuals or members of similar orders added talismans to already existing alignments and started some of their own. They were building their own Temples with associated Templum. It may be that this tradition was only expressed by those with the personal wealth or political clout to build the necessary structures. It is almost as if these people must build these arrays for their plans to be successful. Then they seemed to be used later by others who become aware of them as well. The legacy left by Jacques Coeur would seem to match this assumption.

There are additional azimuths from Coeur Palace that to date no associations have been found for. It is clear from the associations that are present that this man had similar values to other later figures like the Anson’s, Dashwood, and even Thomas Jefferson. Santiago de Compostela, Montsegur, and Shugborugh Hall are all sighted by Coeur Palace’s hexagon include mythologies and lore that connect them together in a similar philosophical framework. It is starting to look like Knighthoods with similar values from different countries were all working together to create this system of interwoven architecture. If one was initiated into or gained knowledge of these associations it would have been very easy to identify those with similar beliefs even in regions one was not personally familiar with. Many of the valued places all have a connection to lore of the Holy Grail, lost stones, Mary Magdalene, and the alternate truth of Jesus Chirst’s life and death. Ultimately this would also be true of Rennes le Chateau and Girona. All of these alternative views would have been likely deemed heretical by the Catholic Church thus leading to the veil of secrecy associated with such matters.

Part II: Alexander Von Humboldt, Thomas Jefferson, The Great Cross of Hendaye, and the Aztec Sunstone

Alexander Von Humboldt may be of great importance to figuring out how the Great Cross of Hendaye and the other structures in “Mystery of the Cathedrals” were even thought of by the people who created these conundrums. Alexander Von Humboldt was an expert cartographer and naturalist. He is considered to have created the discipline of biogeography and many insist that Darwin’s theories on natural selection were the result of Humboldt’s work. He lived in an era when science truly spanned the way of alchemy and more rationally based ways of thinking. Von Humboldt, Thomas Jefferson and Charles Darwin were all members of the Linnean Society of London. The LSOL was a multi-national group of scientists that record and studied nature and natural history. Both Von Humboldt and fellow LSOL member Pehr Kalm showed interest in and wrote of artifacts associated with the ‘Holy Grail’ as well as other lost artifacts and civilizations. Alexander Von Humboldt is widely venerated in place names around the world including the United States. This man has had a relatively unknown yet significant impact on the history of the west. We may see that Von Humboldt was aware of this grid of historical places and may have taken these concepts into account when examining any artifacts or cultural material he may have encountered in his studies. The Linnean Society of London also plays a significant role in this era of hidden history. Note that the Linnean Society was composed of intellectuals from many different countries. Several of their members including Jefferson, Von Humboldt, Darwin, J.D. Hooker, and Asa Gray would play roles in this saga during different periods including locations and sacred structures located as far flung as Chico, California. It is possible that the LSOL at least during this era of history was associated with the order of knights that were behind these arrangements. It is possible that this order was The Knights Templar Strict Observance or the order that they became after the failed Jacobite rebellion of 1745.

Alexander Von Humboldt was one of the first scientists to survey Spain’s holdings in the Americas. Humboldt spent from 1799 to 1804 traveling South America and Mexico writing of his adventures. Note the start of his trip was one year after the rededication of Palacio de Salvatierra as indicated on the inscription. It may be that there is an undiscovered link between Humboldt, the Monctezuma’s, and Salvatierra’s via a secret society. Von Humboldt would later be made a Knight of Guadalupe the royal order of Mexico. A Salvatierra was one of the original Cortes Conquistadors. It is a reality that they all belonged to Knighthoods of one sort or another. It may be that the Monctezuma’s and Salvatierra’s had a desire that Humboldt examine important items and places that were significant to them. Specifically items of material culture that may have lent credence to them becoming Spanish Nobility in the first place.

On his American journey he recorded many geologic, natural, and cultural aspects of this new land. Humboldt seemed to be highly interested in monuments and architecture in addition to his observations of weather and wildlife and wrote of these things extensively. His trip to the Americas even began in A Coruña Spain where the Torre de Hercules is located. A Coruña was an ancient port with an equally ancient directional marker in the form of the Torre de Hercules. Perhaps his departure from here was to provide a datum or place from which to measure. It is possible that Von Humboldt possessed a celestial almanac that let him compare any point on the world to the location of the lighthouse. Von Humboldt’s life may have prompted part of the plot of Jules Verne’s ‘Around the World in Eighty Days’ and ‘A Journey to the Center of the Earth.’ His trip to the Americas and his early ‘Hollow Earth’ theory likely served as inspiration for Verne. Humboldt’s book ‘Cosmos’ was a best seller of the day and his odyssey captured the imagination of the public at large. Many place names and geographic features on the globe are named for Alexander Von Humboldt. Carl Sagan a twentieth century science commentator also named one of his books ‘Cosmos’ likely in regard for Von Humboldt.

While in Mexico Von Humboldt was among the first scholars to examine a strange stone that was found beneath the Zocalo or Plaza Mayor of Mexico City. This stone is known by some as the Aztec Sunstone and to others as the Calendar Stone. During his trip he also visited Teotihuacan with its pyramids of the Sun and Moon. The Sun and Moon imagery is reminiscent of the Great Cross of Hendaye’s symbols. Humboldt’s visit to Mexico and his analysis of the Sunstone may have some strange connections to The Great Cross of Hendaye, Ronda Spain and the Palacio de Monctezuma. It may be telling that Monctezuma’s fist gift to Cortes were two golden discs that illustrated the Aztec calendar. Cortes later had them melted down for weight.

It is within the realm of possibility that Von Humboldt’s analysis of the stone is the seed of many fears and facts with regard to the life cycles of our planet. He was able to explain this complex artifact in terms that many could understand for the first time. Von Humboldt’s examination of this artifact may have led to places like the Georgia Guidestones and Coral Castle being constructed for similar purposes. It is remotely possible he was sent to Mexico in part just to analyze this particular artifact. What he was about to be exposed to would no doubt shock him due to its conceptual and thematic similarities to concepts he may have previously learned in a clandestine or secret manner. It seems that the Aztecs had some developed alchemical views very similar to some secret sects in Europe. His studies may have led him to the real reason the Monctezuma’s were valued Spanish nobility.

The Aztec Sunstone is not representative of the Mayan Calendar end date Dec. 22, 2012 though many scholars believe that the Aztec Calendar is based on the Mayan Calendar.  The entire 2012 phenomenon is based on Mayan values of the end of their cycle of time. The Aztec Sunstone does suggest an understanding of the zodiacal procession, does indicate disasters or the age, and also displays a directional value based on the octagon. For this reason the sunstone is also known as the “Stone of Five Eras.” The Mayan Calendar was discovered on a totally different stone than the Aztec Calendar stone examined by Alexander Von Humboldt in Mexico City in 1803. Though it is true they are not the same they are very similar with the Aztecs even envisioning the end of the world yet on a different date. The Aztec Sunstone does note what may be considered global disasters associated with each age.

“The Mexicans, as all other Meso-Americans, believed in the periodic destruction and re-creation of the world. The "Calendar Stone" in the Museo Nacional de Antropología (National Museum of Anthropology) in Mexico City depicts in its central panel the date 4 Ollin (movement), on which they anticipated that their current world would be destroyed by earthquake, and within it the dates of previous holocausts: 4 Tiger, 4 Wind, 4 Rain, and 4 Water”.

Many scholars point to the natives respect for the changing cycles being one of fear that the sun would not return after the solstice. Humboldt’s thoughts on the Aztecs belief in the zodiacal ages as indicated by the ‘fifth sun’ or age:

“This secular festival and the fear of witnessing the fifth sun extinguished on the winter solstice seem to constitute an additional point of commonality between the Mexica and the inhabitants of Egypt.”  -“Views of the Cordilleras and Monuments of the Indigenous Peoples of the Americas”

Until Von Humboldt’s 1803 examination of the stone it had spent most of the time subsequent to its discovery having been intentionally buried on the grounds of the Plaza Mayor in Mexico City near its original discovery site. Von Humboldt personally requested that the stone be excavated so he could examine it. His description of it is very accurate and has stood the test of time of more modern examinations of this artifact. In his narrative of Mexico entitled “Views of the Cordilleras and Monuments of the Indigenous Peoples of the Americas” Von Humboldt even compares some of his theories about the stone to Indian (eastern) religious concepts such as the Yugas and Vedas. Fulcanelli uses many of the same Eastern Indian terms and comparisons in his Mystery of the Cathedrals. Humboldt also compares the native peoples of Central America to ‘Arcadians.’ At the least he was aware of the story of the Arcadians enough to reference them in comparison. Interestingly many modern figures that discuss the ‘2012’ phenomena use the same allusions and examples from Eastern religions to describe the Mayan Calendar. Humboldt is amazing in this fashion. His writing and descriptions seem to be way ahead of his time and match the assumptions of many modern scholars.

All of this is very curious in light of this period of history. Alexander Von Humboldt was a Mason of the Strict Observance and the Prussian court geographer and geologist as well as director of the bureau of mines.  Von Humboldt’s brother was Prussian Royal court minister, philosopher and linguist Wilhelm von Humboldt. Given his Royal pedigree and connections it may be surmised that Von Humboldt would have been a member of the Knights Templar Strict Observance. It is also speculated that Thomas Jefferson may have been a Knights Templar Strict Observance American Rite. Jefferson’s time in Europe may have exposed him to the same concepts and masonic values held by Von Humboldt. One may be left to wonder how a Prussian geographer was allowed free reign to explore and document Spain’s interests in the New World? This is one of the many hints supporting the notion that a brotherhood of Knights existed that did not adhere to any nationalistic, geographic or cultural limitations. Some of Von Humboldt and Jefferson’s Spanish brethren trusted them enough to be privy to this information. Given the ways of European Royalty there were likely actual blood ties between Prussia and Spain.

Some of the Monctezuma descendants are members of the Knights of Santiago; the royal order of Knights of Spain. The era of both Humboldt’s visit to the Americas and the creation of the Great Cross of Hendaye mystery are well past the time when modern Freemasonry was established in Europe. This began in the early eighteenth century. Coincidentally this is the same period during which navigation was becoming more accurate and more accessible via the invention of the sextant and octant. The adventures of Admiral Anson may display that he had this information slightly ahead of the time during which it would be more accessible. Given Von Humboldt’s already established relationship with Spanish nobility is it possible that his views of the Aztec Sunstone influenced the creation of the Great Cross of Hendaye? Given the XX symbolism of the Great Cross it may be possible that Spanish nobility played a role in its construction.

Is it possible that at this time the seed of an idea was forming? Did this idea involve propagating the myths and legends associated with the Aztec Sunstone in a context that was more easily understood to the European mind? If so why? It is possible that divergent cultures may develop the same attributes at different stages of their development as well. It is also easy to see why a person like Von Humboldt would speculate about the similarities between different cultures of the earth. This is still being done in the modern world of 2013. It is possible that from examining the Aztec Sunstone that Von Humboldt became aware of the time keeping and navigational similarities between many ancient monuments including the Tower of the Winds in Athens and the Aztec Sunstone. After all his brother Wilhelm’s estate near Pottsdam was festooned with the same bas relief carvings of the deities of the winds from the facets of the Tower of the Winds in Athens. These men knew what was going on. It is more likely he was already aware of this concept prior to his trip to the Americas and applied his already held beliefs to his examination of the Sunstone.

If the Great Cross of Hendaye predicts a planetary disaster might not this idea have been reinforced by the discovery of a far off strange culture that held similar beliefs? Or is it more possible that the discovery of this artifact spurred a group of knowledgeable people into creating their own form of this myth in Europe? It is more logical to assume that the great similarities between these ways of thought re-enforced and lent more credence to these ideas. By this time in Europe there was already an established belief in the changing of the zodiacal ages and associated millennial earth changes. By the time the Great Cross of Hendaye was installed there were several descendants of Montezuma himself who were Spanish nobility and members of orders of Knights not dis-similar to those that Von Humboldt was also a member of. It is entirely possible that there was communication and sharing of ideas of those who held a similar status. It is also possible that they all were members of an appendant order that transcended national interests. This is why we may see  people like Von Humboldt, Jefferson, The Monctezumas, and the Knights of Calatrava or Santiago working towards the same ends. There are many aspects to this saga that indicate the hidden truth of this concept.

If anyone one was capable of discerning the true nature and intent of this artifact in this era then Alexander Von Humboldt found himself in the best circumstances at the right time. He was widely considered a genius by all of his contemporaries including Thomas Jefferson. Von Humboldt also was eminently capable of understanding and creating a mythology similar to that of the Aztecs or Mayans in Europe. If this were true then why would such a scheme be valued? Is it possible that there was a desire within his circles to change the way westerners viewed their future if not their entire cosmos? Did Von Humboldt the intellectual realize the truth behind the concept of cyclical disasters? Was this information destined to be kept a secret or only be available to those who could decipher the meaning of the Great Cross of Hendaye? The entire concept of cyclical earth cataclysms is displayed in many monuments of this type. It seems that Von Humboldt had found some distant connection to the concepts of the value of Chiliasm or millenarism or a value of the change of the zodiacal age as described by Fulcanelli in his description of the Great Cross of Hendaye. If one were an adherent of this philosophy in Europe what would be thought of this newly discovered culture that had similar values? It is as if they assumed the natives of Mexico had the same value of alchemy that they possessed. He may have even go so far as to speculate that the same masters of time that had set up these systems in the ancient world and this era of Europe had somehow come to Mexico long ago.

These values were propagated for a few different reasons. Many intellectuals of this era seemed to value Indian (Asian) religious concepts in a western light. This is still true today in the many theosophist and so called “New Age” views of faith and the world at large. Alchemy also involves many of these concepts as well and may have in part developed in the eastern tradition. It seems some of their personal values may have overlapped with concepts that Von Humboldt recognized in Mexico. It is possible that Von Humboldt was an alchemist himself. Many people ultimately associate the famous character of St. Germain with the Prussians. St. Germain was said to have travelled to India and had brought back with him many of the concepts and ideas that would meld into Theosophy and New Age thought. It is possible that Von Humboldt and his cohorts were also adherents or students of these eastern philosophies just as St. Germain had been. Were these concepts meant to undermine the similar values displayed in arrays of aligned architecture obviously built by the Church? Or did the Church know all along. Its still a mystery no matter how much you find out.

Are there any further connections? Is the Great Cross of Hendaye a European version of the Aztec Sunstone? As stated before if the rays are plotted on the globe extending from The Great Cross in an octagonal scheme using true north Ronda Spain and the close environs of Palacios Salvatierra and Monctezuma are sighted including the similar cross there. Also nearby are the Moorish Baths, and Palacio Mondragon and its ‘Water Mine.’ What other places of significance may be sighted on the globe using The Great Cross of Hendaye as an axis mundi? The Cross of Hendaye represents a millennial monument that points the way to people who were associated with another far off millennial monument in the Sunstone. What other later people may have valued this system and built talismans along azimuths extending from Hendaye’s octagon? Did the influence of Alexander Von Humboldt proliferate to his contemporaries in a manner that is related to these matters? Why are there so many questions?

Ultimately Von Humboldt’s examination of the Aztec Sunstone could have led to all the mania about 2012. After more modern scholars discovered the Mayan Calendar with its fixed end date they used this concept to their own ends. Disappointingly it seems like these concepts were later used to almost scare people into learning about the beliefs of this elite class of people. These ‘elite’ would be those described by Fulcanelli and not any other definition. This may be why Fulcanellit refers to the elite being saved in his piece on the Great Cross in “Mystery of the Cathedrals.” It is possible that this all boils down to a vision quest that is designed to pick ‘The Elite’ referred to by Fulcanelli? The Great Cross could serve as a landmark clue in a mystery intentionally created to teach one these concepts. Other monuments before and after also serve the same purpose.

Some of Humboldt’s writings in ‘Cordilleras’ indicate he is very aware of comparative opinions from many different cultural spheres. He ranges here in this quote from comparisons of the religion of ‘Hindustan’ and even compares the Aztec deity to Kronos and ‘Molech of the Phoenicians.”:

Von Humboldt (Views of the Cordilleras and Monuments of the Indigenous Peoples of America: P. 212):

“In the center of the stone is the famous sign ahui ollin Tonatiuh (the sun in its four movements), which we have mentioned above.  Eight triangular rays surround the sun: these rays are also found in the ritual calendar, tonalmatl, and in historical paintings wherever the sun, Tonatiuh, is represented.  The number eight alludes to the division of the day and the night into eight parts. The god Tonatiuh is represented with a large open mouth armed with teeth: the open mouth and the brandished tongue recall the figure of the deity of Hindustan, that of Kala or Time. According to a passage from the Bhagavad Gita, “Kala swallows up the worlds, opening wide his flaming mouth with its horrifying teeth and enormous tongue.” Tonatiuh, placed in the middle of the day-signs and measuring the year by the four movements of the solstices and the equinoxes, is indeed the veritable symbol of Time. His Krishna taking the form of Kala: he is Kronos devouring his children, who we believe to have identified among the Phoenicians under the name Moloch.”

In the book of the Holy Grail by J.R. Ploughman it is suggested that Thomas Jefferson was a Knights Templar Strict Observance. Thomas Jefferson was a trained land surveyor and had traveled the great cities of Europe. He too would have possessed the skills and intellect to understand how to plot positions on the globe. If one extends a ray or arc on the globe using The Great Cyclical Cross of Hendaye as a datum and true north as a baseline then some amazing places are sighted that are even related to the genius of Alexander Von Humboldt and company.

Using The Great Cross of Hendaye as an octagonal datum Thomas Jefferson’s octagonal country estate Poplar Forest is directly pointed to by the Great Cross of Hendaye! An azimuth on the globe using one of the even octagonal divisions of the shape and orientation suggested by the Great Cross and Fulcanelli achieves this unique spatial relationship. The Great Cross itself provided us with the directions to find this association. This is an incredible spatial relationship that may go a long way towards documenting the full degree to which the Third President of the United States of America may have valued this activity. It is entirely possible that Jefferson knew of the Great Cross and placed his home where it is to make this association and more. Thomas Jefferson was a friend and cohort of Alexander Von Humboldt. They had a documented correspondence. Von Humboldt even visited President Jefferson on his return trip to Europe from his studies in the Americas not long after he examined the Sunstone. He was even known to have lent Jefferson several maps including one of New Mexico to be copied. Thomas Jefferson appeared to have a value of aligned architecture as we have noted before. He was known to have been fascinated by ‘personal meridians.’ Given that directional qualities are present in Jefferson’s other projects including Monticello and the Rotunda at the University of Virginia it is not difficult to assume that Poplar Forest possessed the same qualities. In fact Poplar Forest resembles two other structures already identified as being part of this mystery; the Dome of the Rock and Williamsburg Powder Magazine in its form very much. Poplar Forest was undoubtedly built in the tradition of the Magdala or sacred tower. Many also refers to these structures as alchemical towers.

It is possible that Jefferson was influenced by the Aztec Sunstone via Humboldt to some degree. Him positioning his home thus is only one clue. If Von Humboldt also shared his findings with Jefferson then this would undoubtedly have been fascinating to the President. Jefferson once had excavated a Native American burial mound on his property near Charlottesville so it would stand he was interested in what the Sunstone may represent. There are many suggestions that Jefferson suspected that Europeans had been in the America’s long before Columbus and this may have been what he was searching for in his excavations. The group of people who were familiar with this concept seemed also to be involved in displaying their inside information by creating architecture that indicated the way to other valued points on the globe. Even the Aztec Sunstone seems to have been built to indicate important directions on the globe in an octagonal scheme just as the Great Cross would later. For once here is an axis in Mexico that can be pointed to that likely does not have a lineage including the Tower of the Winds in Athens. Or does it? The Aztec Sunstone is somewhere in the range of 1600 years more recent than the Tower of the Winds. It is not out of the question that over that range of time this concept had finally made its way to Central America. It is also equally as possible that this idea was brought there long before anyone suspects by people from the east who already valued these concepts. Alternately it would have been entirely natural for these people to develop these skills over time on their own. Note also that many researchers believe much of the architecture of the Aztecs was much older than the time range in which Monctezuma II ruled.

An appreciation of the Aztec Sunstone and what it represents may be seen on the inside rotunda of the United States Capital building. It is possible that this is part of the legacy of Thomas Jefferson and those that were aware of his interests and values. A fresco featuring a scene depicting natives with the Aztec Sunstone is included in the pediment band around the base of the rotunda itself. The scene seems to depict Monctezuma II enthroned with ladies and attendants nearby with the stone behind them as he is speaking with a figure that likely represents Cortes. The inclusion of this motif in the Capitol is astounding and may be directly linked to the genius of Alexander Von Humboldt and Thomas Jefferson and their belief in what the stone represented. Alternately the additional themes included around the base of the rotunda all include Native American themes. The Sunstone is an iconic Aztec symbol and this may be the only reason it was included. Even so someone may be trying to remind us in a hidden way that the Earth likely goes through destructive cycles that may partially destroy it. Most importantly it infers that both of these men may have been aware of the solution to the mystery of the Great Cyclical Cross of Hendaye. It is possible given what we have learned that Jefferson placed Poplar Forest at a specific point to gain these associations and many others. There are great indications that others have added to the legacy of Jefferson by adding to his already existing alignments. There is much more to the saga of the Aztec Sunstone than we are being told.

Poplar Forest is intimately linked to the International Peace Garden and the Georgia Guidestones and its association with Hendaye may prove to be a clue in how Poplar Forest actually works. There is a mystery as to which way to properly use Poplar Forest as an axis and applying the same techniques that leads one to orient the Great Cross are applied at Poplar Forest with amazing results. If the orientation of the building as it appears from plan view is used nothing of note is sighted. This is part of a mystery that Thomas Jefferson left for us to ponder. It is also likely that the famous Beale Treasure legend was concocted by Jefferson himself using Poplar Forest as a clue. Somewhere in the Beale Treasure ciphers there could be instructions for using the axis of Poplar Forest oriented to true north and not the way the building itself is oriented. This would use the same ‘cipher’ that applied at Hendaye and match the level of sophistication and intrigue that Jefferson was known for.

We now have the Newport Tower pointing to the Torre de Hercules and the Great Cross pointing to Poplar Forest. The octagonal Powder Magazine in Colonial Williamsburg was also built as part of this plan. It too points the way to the International Peace Garden. Three places in the United States that seem to be connected to the mystery of the Magdalas in Europe. Thomas Jefferson may have been aware of the Great Cross of Hendaye and even solved its mystery himself. Poplar Forest may have actually been placed with regard to its position in relation to the IPG and The Great Cross of Hendaye via a value of the Aztec Sunstone!

Given what is known about Alexander Von Humboldt and his examination of the Aztec Sunstone what other observations may he have made that were not shared with the public at large? The entire story of his visit to the Americas suggests that there may have been additional reasons for his visit. It is not out of the question that some of his duties may have included studying phenomena that were important to any secret society he may have belonged to. This may have been part of the reason for being of the Linnean Society of London. In his description he clearly associates the design of the stone as a time keeping and directional marker. Von Humboldt was an expert cartographer who would have likely surveyed the surrounding area of Mexico City to see if there were any important associations suggested by using its site of discovery as a datum or place from which to measure and the octagonal scheme suggested by the design of the stone itself. He would have viewed this artifact as an indication of an axis used by the Aztecs that would point the way to other sites of significance to the their culture. There were already existing maps of Mexico City and Teotihuacan so he would have been able to view this spatial relationship on a map as well. Additionally Von Humboldt would personally produce maps of the region that included both the location of the Zocalo and Teotihuacan.

Since the Sunstone was found at the Plaza Mayor or Zocalo of Mexico City it may be assumed that this is also the location of the Axis Mundi of the Aztecs. The Aztecs likely defined their world from a point on the earth very near to where the Sunstone was originally discovered. The Zocalo was part of the Royal precinct and included Monctezuma’s Palace (the original Palacio de Monctuzuma) as well as many other ceremonial and administrative structures. Like the Great Cross of Hendaye it would be appropriate to use true north as a baseline for any measurements using the Sunstone as a datum. Since the Aztecs were a culture that practiced astronomy it is likely they knew of the significance of the pole star in orienting oneself correctly. Since the Sunstone has octagonal markers as part of its design arcs on the globe plotted at 45 and 22.5 degree increments from its location may lead to places of value to their religion and philosophy. Once again this method seems to hold true in an amazing fashion.

A 45 degree azimuth plotted as described above leads directly to Teotihuacan with the line or arc transecting only about 400 meters to the northwest of the Pyramid of the Moon. The Zocalo and Sunstone Axis point to the most impressive and important site of the culture that created it. There is a high degree of certainty that Alexander Von Humboldt would have realized this spatial association existed and would also know that the Sunstone pointed to that place and possibly others as well. This was not noted in any of his subsequent writings with regard to his trip though he also visited Teotihuacan. The Aztecs would have intentionally planned their axis to have these associations with older structures or talismans as many other monument building cultures did. Humboldt actually visited Teotihuacan so it is not out of the question that he would have realized this association. The spatial association of the Zocalo and Teotihuacan match a perfectly divided octagonal template  of 45 degrees true north just as suggested on the Aztec Sunstone.

If extended further across the globe this line transects to Saintes Maries de La Mer in France. To the Spanish, even though this location is in France, Saintes Maries de La Mer holds a special association with both the legend of the Cup of Christ in Valencia Cathedral and that of the Mary’s coming to shore in a rudderless boat there. We have discussed how Valencia Cathedral points an azimuth on the globe to Saintes Marie and its Cathedral previously. The cup was brought to Saintes Maries de La Mer by the Mary's and the cup they brought with them is now in a Cathedral that points to the place they landed. This is a strange association that may have had a large impact on how the Sunstone was later viewed no matter if it was an intended or chance connection. There is a remote chance that some individuals would relate this association to Mary Magdalene. To those with an alchemical bent the Sunstone would have displayed the concepts of Chiliasm or a belief in the millennium just as Fulcanelli had described in “Mystery of the Cathedrals.” In the history of Spain and France Saintes Maries de La Mer is a place of great importance to Christians and Gnostics alike. Concepts like these may have contributed to theories involving Christ or lost Jewish tribes coming to the Americas far in the past.

If the same 45 degree azimuth or arc on the globe is extended it reaches Cairo, Egypt in the vicinity of Heliopolis only about nine miles east of the Great Pyramid of Giza. A 45.12 degree arc measured from the Zocalo reaches the Great Pyramid itself. It is well within the realm of possibility that Von Humboldt would have been aware of this spatial relationship as well. In addition this is very applicable to his and many other’s theories that there was somehow a link between the cultures of Egypt and those of Central and South America. He openly states this theory in his examination of the Sunstone. Is it possible that the Aztec Sunstone and the Zocalo were meant to sight the Great Pyramid of Giza? If Teotihuacan is older than the Aztec culture who may have compelled them to build the Zocalo in this position? This would literally be one the only point in Central America where an even 45 degree association from the Zocalo and Teotihuacan could even be made with the Great Pyramid or Saintes Maries de La Mer. This azimuth happens to include Teotihuacan? This seems like planned activity given the wealth of similar alignments that have been noted here. It is within the realm of possibility that who ever arranged this scheme had a value of Mary Magdalene.

In addition to being the first European scholar to examine the Sunstone Von Humboldt also holds he distinction of being the first to describe Teotihuacan in academic terms. He had started his journey to the America’s from the Costa del Muerte or ‘Coast of Death’ in Spain only to travel to Teotihuacan and its central avenue known as the ‘Path of the Dead.’ This may have seemed amazing to someone with a masonic background that values the ‘deaths head’ concept. His descriptions include pyramids dedicated to the Sun and Moon. Here is yet another thematic similarity to the Great Cross of Hendaye. In addition what would a Spaniard or even Von Humboldt think of these places association with Saintes Maries de La Mer and its association with the Magdalene?

This connection would at first glance seemingly be a chance or freak occurrence. In the entire mystery of the Great Cross of Hendaye there are a few places of significance and Saintes Maries de La Mer is one of these places. The Cathedral at Santiago de Compostela points one azimuth to both the Great Cross of Hendaye and Saintes Maries de La Mer. The Valencia Cathedral’s long axis is oriented to point there as well. These two places are very important to the lore and mythology of the Holy Grail and a value of Mary Magdalene in Spain, France, Germany, England and more. How shocking would it be to those in Europe who were aware of these associations to discover that a native culture that they had invaded had somehow expressed the same values they held in exactly the same occult manner? That they also valued a place of great talismanic importance to those that believed an alternate version of Christ? That aligned with the two most impressive pyramid complexes in the world? Indeed this information once known of would have sent shock waves through the community who knew of and valued these phenomena. It is likely this information was shared with President Jefferson during Von Humboldt’s visit in 1804. If this scant clue leads to a hidden truth then this may point to Pre-Columbian interference in native culture or more astoundingly a direct link between the native cultures of the Americas and that of ancient Egypt. Given these factors it may be that a certain class of people in Europe thought the Sunstone and Aztec culture including the descendants of Monctezuma were associated with alchemy, Gnosticism, and possibly Mary Magdalene. It is starting to look like there was a belief in something that is not being told.

Was this association with Saintes Maries de La Mer really a chance association? Is it possible that other factors were at play in this equation? Did some organization establish a “Heart of Darkness” cargo cult in Central and South America sometime in the past? Is it possible that this same group of people had a value of both Saintes Maries de La Mer and the Great Pyramid? There were definitely orders of individuals who believed heavily in both of these concepts in Europe. This entire scenario would match the assumption that Quetzalcoatl was a European figure who came to the Aztecs to instill this belief system. Lost in all the lore and mists of time is the fact that these alignments were arranged during this older era of Meso-American cultural development. The Inca’s have a similar belief to the Aztecs Quetzalcoatl in the god Viracocha. There are interesting questions but these associations are surprising no matter their reasons for being.

It makes sense that the Aztec’s would include Teotihuacan in their symbolic sphere of influence by pointing their axis that way but would they also be venerating Egyptian culture? The association with Giza does raise some questions concerning the similarities of Central American native culture and that of Egypt. One sighting device in Mexico City points arcs on the Globe to two of the most well known pyramid complexes in the world. All arranged from one of the few points on the earth where this is possible. Now in addition to a feature at the Newark Earthworks in Ohio that points to Giza we may also consider the possibility that the Aztec Sunstone points the way to the Great Pyramid as well. The Great Pyramids northwesterly 315 deg. true north heading leads to Serpent Mound in Ohio which adds weight to this theory. All of these places were only identified long after standard history deems contact between the Europeans and native peoples. All display regular spatial relationships with the Great Pyramid of Giza. Something of great impact and importance had happened in the period prior to this that may have great bearing on these concepts. Who ever executed these plans seemed to have already had a pre-disposition to express themselves using ancient Hebrew, Christian and Egyptian symbology and associations. There is only one other group of people beyond the original creators of these concepts who share these values. Different secret societies including Freemasons have a significant value of these cultures as well. These issues may have even led Joseph Smith to build his belief in a lost tribe of Israel having come to North America.

If Teotihuacan is older than the Aztecs then perhaps they oriented the Zocalo and Sunstone to achieve this spatial arrangement. They could have searched for a point to build the Zocalo that would achieve a value of Teotihuacan and the Great Pyramid. Did Native Americans know of and value the Great Pyramid and Egyptian Culture or did some subsequent interference from an outside culture cultivate this value in the Americas? If the value of Saintes Maries de La Mer is valid then this interference in native culture did not begin until as least after the time of Christ. The temporal difference between the ancient civilization of Egypt and those that built the pyramids in Central America may be telling in this regard. There would have been a large period of time between the development of these values in places very far from each other. It would be more practical to assume a later group than the ancient Egyptians, who nonetheless valued them, had arranged this scheme. This entire concept may help to explain why Spanish nobility held in esteem the descendants of Monctezuma II. In some way they may have associated them with all of the lore and mythology of Saintes Maries de La Mer which they already possessed prior to Columbus. The seemingly amazing links of the Zocalo’s and Sunstone’s association with Teotihuacan, Saintes Maries de La Mer and the Great Pyramid/Heliopolis may have been a deeply spiritual thing to those who may have understood it meaning. In short, it may have freaked them out. Many places of talismanic importance to some Masonic groups may include alignments associated with the Great Pyramid of Giza and this would have lent significance also. Later we will see these phenomena at work in the strange saga of Dane Peter Lassen in Gold Rush California and his obelisks (two) association with the Great Pyramid.

It is likely that the Spanish had already discovered these relationships in Mexico prior to Von Humboldt’s visit. They possessed a strong tradition of navigation and may have also been aware of contemporary and more ancient monuments in Europe and the Middle East that were arranged in a similar manner. The Sunstone was found in the sixteenth Century so this is long after the same concepts were being applied elsewhere. The Zocalo may have functioned in a similar manner to the Coricancha in Cuzco, Peru. Both the Plaza Mayor (Zocalo) and the Coricancha were both immediately taken by the Spanish and had Cathedrals built atop them. This is an age old tradition seen in many parts of the world where the conquering faction builds atop the axis of the vanquished party. Many Cathedrals in Europe are built atop the ruins of Roman temples which were in turn built atop more ancient sacred places. In the case of the Coricancha the Spanish seemed to have left its orientation as it was possibly due to the megalithic nature of the structure that was already there. In Mexico City today the Zocalo and associated Cathedral are not oriented to true north as we are supposing the Sunstone to have been. The Coricancha does indeed operate as an axis that sights Puma Punku/ Tiwinaku, Nazca, and Ollantaytambo.

Given the fact that many significant artifacts were buried intentionally by clergy prior to Von Humboldt’s examination may indicate somewhat of a cover up as to the true nature of the Aztec Sunstone. Only a few writings of the Aztecs survived. The Spaniards orientation of the Zocalo we see today may have been part of any attempt to obscure what had been going on in pre-contact Mexico. If the Zocalo today were oriented to true north then this exact 45 degree association would probably have been noticed in the past without the added proof present on the design of the Sunstone. Did the Aztecs align the Zocalo, Teotihuacan Saintes Maries de La Mer, and the Great Pyramid intentionally? Alexander Von Humboldt may have thought that this was possible. When summed up it may be that Von Humboldt and Thomas Jefferson were either privy to or had come to learn of the existence of ancient monuments that had distinct spatial relationships that seemed to have been planned. They may have also reasoned that someone other than the native inhabitants were responsible for at least this alignment if not many other things. In turn Jefferson used the opportunity to actually create some amazing spatial associations involving architecture he created using classic forms. All of this value of architecture is linked to the same philosophies and lore of the Great Cross of Hendaye, The Dome of the Rock, and the Aztec Sunstone.

Chapter Notes:

Through the web of significant places that hold meaning to this group of people it may be discerned that Santiago de Compostela and its associated pilgrimage may be of great value to the people who are aware of these arrangements on the face of the earth. Saintes Maries de La Mer may also be considered a target of many significant axis in this saga.

Additional rays extending from the Great Cross of Hendaye:

St. James’ encounter with Our Lady.

The SSE (157.5 deg. TN) heading from the Great Cross leads to Zaragoza, Spain. This is an important place in the saga of Santiago or St. James. After the crucifixion of Christ James is said to have travelled the Iberian Peninsula preaching the gospel. While in Zaragoza he had an encounter with Our Lady telling him to return to the Holy Land to be martyred. This is the beginning of the story of why the Sepulchre of St. James is in Santiago de Compostela if not the name of the city itself. St. James was eventually martyred in the Holy Land and his body miraculously returns to Iberia in a rudderless boat only to have his remains wash ashore in Muxia covered in scallop shells.  This association may serve as a further example of the Great Cross’ association with the imagery of Santiago and the pilgrimage. The imagery of the rudderless boat is also repeated in the saga of the Three Mary’s who also arrive in Saintes Maries de La Mer in a rudderless boat.

At 270 degrees true north (tn) or due west the azimuth from Hendaye crosses over the Chapel of Santuario da Virxe da Barca in Muxia, Spain. Muxia is part of the Costa del Morte or Coast of Death known as such due to the many shipwrecks in the region. By some accounts Muxia is the site where St. James’ body was said to have washed ashore covered in scallop shells after its trip to that point in a rudderless boat. His corpse was then placed in a sepulcher that would later have Santiago de Compostela’s Cathedral built atop it. The rudderless boat theme is repeated in the story of how the Three Mary’s Magdalene, Jacoby, and Bethany arrived at Saintes Maries de La Mer in France. Muxia is a place of importance in this saga as we will see shortly. The Cathedral at Santiago de Compostela is oriented such that it points an azimuth on the globe first to the Great Cross and then continues directly to Saintes Maries de La Mer. Again the imagery of St. James and the Camino de Santiago. Muxia is one of the traditional ending places for the pilgrimage after one visits Santiago de Compostela.

Many places mentioned or documented in ‘Mystery of the Cathedrals’ are oriented to point to Hendaye or other places in this arrangement of architecture.

The NNE azimuth or 22.5 deg tn heading (and its opposite 202.5 deg tn azimuth) from the Great Cross closely matches the line pointing to Hendaye and Ronda from Amiens. The Great Cross points to Amiens and Ronda. Amiens points to The Great Cross and Ronda. North of Hendaye this azimuth includes many other places that have been included in this web of mystery. Chartres Cathedral is pointed to by this array at Hendaye. Chartres is also pointed to by the array of obelisk and windrose at St. Peter’s Square of the Vatican. We earlier discussed how Chartres is related to the Lost Ark of the Covenant and Lalibela Ethiopia. The orientation of Chartres Cathedral to the southeast points the way to Fatima Portugal while crossing directly over Leon Cathedral; Leon points to the Great Cross. The western windrose at St. Peter’s also points the way to Fatima. Again the same places seem to be referenced over and over in this scheme or topology of sacred places. Chartres points to Leon Cathedral and Fatima, Portugal all in one azimuth or arc.

This NNE azimuth also transects or travels about two miles to the west of Chateau Villette which was featured in the movie ‘The Da Vinci Code.” Chateau Villette and its linear grounds point directly to St. Peter’s Square of the Vatican. Next the same line crosses a few hundred meters to the west of Lille Fortress in Lille, France. The Girona Cathedral’s octagon also points to Lille Fortress which is shaped like a pentagram from plan view.

The Great Cross of Hendaye points to Stonehenge! Its zero degree true north azimuth points to two miles east of Stonehenge itself very near ‘Woodhenge.’ The Tower of the Winds at Shugborugh also points to Stonehenge. To date no more ancient associations have been found with Stonehenge using these methods.

The SE azimuth from Hendaye crosses Roncevalles, Spain. Roncevalles is the most well known location featured in the famous ‘Song of Roland’ grail narrative. Roland was killed at Roncevalles while executing a rear guard action for Charlemagne and his forces. In the grail mysteries Roncevalles is an important location. Roncevalles is also along the famous Camino de Santiago or Way of St. James pilgrimage route.

Hendaye presents in interesting plan in that it does not use the orientation of the chapel to define its templum. Instructions for orienting the Hendaye axis are included in the alchemical symbols present on the monument itself. This may be the same rationale by which Jefferson defined his templum at Poplar Forest. The Chapel at Hendaye is a small cruciform building that is very similar to the plan of the Chapel at Muxia, Spain. As at Poplar Forest the Chapel at Hendaye is oriented differently than the pertinent axis that is associated. The Chapel at Hendaye is oriented at about 94 degrees tn. This is somewhat outside the range of a structure that may have been oriented to the sunrise on equinox as some other churches and temples are. St. Peter’s Basilica is oriented this way as is the chapel at Rennes le Chateau. Usually when there is no obvious rationale for an important structure’s orientation it may mean that it was planned this way to point the way to another place of talismanic importance. The Chapel at Hendaye points an azimuth on the globe to the hexagonal port of Portus near Rome. This is the same axis that Dr. John Dee and Sir Francis Bacon may have possessed an astronomical almanac for allowing them to compare any point in the world to Portus. The Oak Island treasure is pointed to by Portus. Later we will see how the Chapel at Muxia also points to Portus after passing over the Star delineated in the landscape around Rennes le Chateau. Muxia is part of the Templum or sphere of influence of The Great Cross of Hendaye. It is pointed to by Hendaye as noted above. This association with Rennes le Chateau may also be an intentional association.

In their book “The Mysteries of the Great Cross of Hendaye: Alchemy and the End of Time” authors Jay Weidner and Vincent Bridges discuss their thoughts and theories regarding the Great Cross and the philosophies of the people who valued it. Though the assumptions made here are different than what is included in this book these components of the same mystery may well exist in tandem with each other. Those that value these concepts may well include the alchemical philosophy and an appreciation of aligned architecture, navigation and its meanings.  Alchemical concepts were likely applied to any practical matter of science and technology during the era in which the Great Cross and its associated mystery were conceived. 

Part 3: The Coricancha and why: “It is written that life takes refuge in a single space.”

In our examination of the rays or arcs on the globe created by using the Great Cross of Hendaye we see that valued places do include the Himalayas and high Andes Mountains of Peru. Other researchers including Jay Weidner have speculated that somehow the high mountain ranges of these places would lend protection in some sort of global catastrophe as indicated by the Great Cyclical Cross of Hendaye. In fact one of the azimuths that extends from Hendaye leads to one of the most important places in the history of the Inca’s that unfortunately also signifies the end of their culture as it was prior to contact with the Spanish.

As Pizarro slowly conquered the major cities of the Inca’s the royal faction and many citizens retreated to the high mountains to places like Machu Picchu and Vilcabamba. Both of these sites were not identified by European scholars until the nineteenth century as they were well hidden and inaccessible to outsiders. In the end Pachacuti the Incan leader decided that Vilcabamba would be the last refuge of the Inca. It was from this space that he may have believed that the salvation of his culture could be attained.

Using the same octagonal stellation of rays that extend from the Great Cross to Ronda and Poplar Forest an azimuth on the globe is formed that leads to less than three miles from the modern site of Vilcabamba, Peru. The Great Cross of Hendaye points to Vilcabamba Peru. The Great Cross of Hendaye may point to this place in reference to the Incan figures of the Palacio de Salvatierra: “life takes refuge in a single space.” The inscription in the pediment of Palacio Salvatierra also includes the alternate spellings of their name as ‘Salvat’ or salvation and also includes the stylinzed letters ‘A’ that resemble the Masonic compass and square design. It is possible that this is one of the many conclusions any mystery lover is supposed to come to when analyzing the Great Cross. ‘Mont Salvat’ is also one of the touted locations of the Holy Grail.

This may mean that the cyclical disasters that were being pointed to and suggested by the Great Cross were disasters of this type and not the global cataclysm that many suspect. The Incans and Aztecs likely did view the interdiction of the Spanish into their culture as an apocalyptic event. It is also possible that through the fog of time a misinterpretation has occurred in translating the true alchemical meaning of this architectural and geographic vision quest. The Great Cross may have been suggesting that the destruction of these Native cultures was what should be examined and not any kind of Global disaster. It is just as possible that the millennial themes of the Cross are meant to warn of great global disasters as well. In any case the similarities here are quite striking and do make sense in the context of this mystery.

As in Mexico City any early European arrivals in Cuzco that had an alchemical bent would have immediately recognized the Coricancha as an Axis Mundi. In many ways this may have amazed and surprised them as they may have attempted to interpret these similarities only within their own cultural sphere. They may have seen the natives as wizards and manipulators in a similar vein to the way these concepts were used in their civilization.

The more modern cloister built atop the remnant of the Coricancha includes a strange octagonal stone box or well that does resemble many features of cloister courtyards through Europe that include a well or fountain at their center. This octagonal stone box was said to have been there prior to Spanish contact so was a product of the Incan culture. The more modern church built atop the Coricancha does seem to adhere to the original orientation of the building. It may be obvious that from the structure and octagonal feature’s orientation that the Coricancha was the octagonal Axis Mundi of the Incan culture.

Using one of the evenly divided octagonal stellations emanating from the Coricancha it points directly to Vilcabamba just as the Great Cross of Hendaye does. Our place of refuge is valued both by the Great Cross and the Incas axis mundi the Coricancha. The Incas also likely included Vilcabamba in their sphere of influence. This may be one of the reasons it was selected as the last stand. Incan emperor Pachacuti ‘built’ Vilcabamba himself as a royal or administrative center not unlike Machu Picchu. Via the vagaries of history this place became the last refuge of the Inca culture before it was entirely subdued by their Spanish conquerors. Indeed this place was so remote that even more modern explorers searched for it for years before identifying its location. This is very interesting in that the conquerors were being affected by the occult and mystical views of the conquered in a way only occult or hidden information can achieve. Interestingly another town named Vilcabamba in Eucador has become a rumored safe haven for many New Age adherents from any disasters that the 2012 phenomena had predicted. Is it possible that these people selected the wrong Vilcabamba as their place of refuge?

In a wide ranging theory somehow this information made its way back to the Alchemical schools of Spain and the rest of Europe. In this case it may be that Viceroy of Peru from 1642-48 Don Diego García Sarmiento de Sotomayor, Marquis of Sobroso and 2nd Count of Salvatierra (Count Salvatierra) is involved in the mystery present in Ronda and the possibly the Great Cross of Hendaye as well in name and location. He may have been the person that communicated the tale of Vilcabamba and the place of refuge back to Europe for the first time in its alchemical context. This new likely amazed many people and a wide range of effect on a tradition that had already been well established in western culture. He had also previously been Viceroy to Mexico and was undoubtedly aware of the Aztec Sunstone, Teotihuacan and more. In any case the repetition of the term ‘Salvatierra’ or savior of the land is repeated both in Peru and Palacio de Salvatierra in Ronda. This is very interesting in that the conquerors were being affected by the occult and mystical views of the conquered in a way only occult information can achieve. They likely were grappling with the similarities and also misinterpreting the meanings of these mysteries across the wide gulf of divergent culture that existed between the two groups. In our modern world these concepts may have led to different or misinformed views of what the 2012 concept actually entails. Maybe not. Many people ignore the suggested tradition that a new faith is supposed to be introduced at the changing of the millennium as well. May not the impetus of a looming disaster make many contemplate the world in new terms? Cataclysmic changes in the earth are a fact. The fear based dynamic suggested that these disasters can be predicted via changes in zodiacal time is another question all together.

Alternately all of these similarities may have amazed the Spanish, Alexander Von Humboldt, and Thomas Jefferson because they suspected that these concepts had originally come from their culture and had been applied to the natives of the America’s at some point in the past. This belief may be true even if they were incorrect. This would explain the legends of Viracocha and Quetzalcoatl in the Aztec and Incan contact era culture.  If true this concept would represent an enormous feedback loop in which western people came to Peru and influenced the aboriginal population with associated beliefs at some point after the death of Christ but before Cortes. In the interim a large amount of time went by. These beliefs or values at the time of contact may have amazed and awed the conquerors due to the similarity of what they valued. This may even include the Aztecs value of the Great Pyramid in the geographic scheme discussed earlier. The same value may have been displayed by Salvatierra in placing his Palacio in alignment with the Great Pyramid and The Great Cross of Hendaye. Remember the Great Pyramid points the way to Ronda. In short the Great Cross of Hendaye seems to also echo the themes and values presented by the Incans and Aztecs via the Coricancha and Aztec Sunstone/Zocalo array. None of these factors rule out the possibility that the Aztecs and Incas were interfered with by a group of people that were already predisposed to value Egyptian culture.  Given the evidence it is just as possible that these concepts developed entirely independent of any interference at all.

The Coricancha when used as an octagonal axis points directly to Tiwinaku/Puma Punku, Nazca directly to Cahuachi Pyramid, Sacsayhuaman and its large oval, Ollantaytambo, Moray circular terraced depression, Vilcabamba and many more. These comprise the most well known and significant sites in the Incan Cultural sphere. Machu Pichu is indicated by and azimuth at half interval and may be included in the templum of the Coricancha.

In conclusion we may see that places like the Zocalo of Mexico City and the Coricancha were built by aboriginal peoples with a form and function very similar to the way Europeans did during and prior to this era. Somehow the theme of the Great Cyclical Cross of Hendaye matched the native themes present in the Americas. A value of this practice has led to many of the structures discussed in this book. Places as wide ranging as the Georgia Guidestones, Coral Castle, and the Great Pyramid of Giza were likely built by people who valued and knew of these dynamics.

“History, I believe, furnishes no example of a priest-ridden people maintaining a free civil government. This marks the lowest grade of ignorance, of which their civil as well as religious leaders will always avail themselves for their own purposes.”- Thomas Jefferson in correspondence with Alexander Von Humboldt (Dec. 6, 1813)

When he arrived in the United States, Humboldt requested a meeting with Jefferson, and wrote praising "your writings, your actions, and the liberalism of your ideas, which have inspired me from my earliest youth."-Personal diary of Charles Wilson Peale who accompanied Von Humboldt on his visit to Jefferson.

“I must acknowledge, in order to account for my enthusiasm, that he was surrounded with maps, statements, &c all new to me and several of which he has liberally permitted us to transcribe.”- Albert Gallatin Secretary of the Treasury under Jefferson in reference to Von Humboldt.